Aim and background
Policies for disaster risk reduction and management have evolved from defence against hazards to a more comprehensive, integrated risk management approach, which includes prevention, preparedness, response and recovery. The implementation of this approach is currently taking place at both international and national level.
The increasing incidence of disaster risks from hazards, demanded an improved dynamic approach on data sharing in order to increase the efficiency of risk management. Open data has become a precondition for risk understanding, identification and management and has required an Open Data Policy Development. In 2011, Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) launched the Open Data for Resilience Initiative (OpenDRI) which challenges this limitation.
Decision-makers require technological support for complex forms of decision–making as they face challenges in linking data information and decision support systems (DSS) without a form of spatial data infrastructure. Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament, offers means to address these challenges.
Given this context, the DRMKC RiskData Hub adopts the comprehensive framework of policies and guidelines, data sharing initiatives and spatial data infrastructures with the purpose of setting the bases for knowledge for DRM at local, national, regional and EU-wide level.