Active networks of scientists and policy-makers to improve the science-policy interface in prevention activities to identify gaps in and improve work on methodology.
The Major Accident Reporting System (MARS and later renamed eMARS) was first established by the EU’s Seveso Directive 82/501/EEC in 1982 and has remained in place with subsequent revisions to the Seveso Directive in effect today. The purpose of the eMARS is to facilitate the exchange of lessons learned from accidents and near misses involving dangerous substances in order to improve chemical accident prevention and mitigation of potential consequences.
MARS contains reports of chemical accidents and near misses provided to the Major Accident and Hazards Bureau (MAHB) of the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre from EU, OECD and UNECE countries (under the TEIA Convention). Reporting an event into eMARS is compulsory for EU Member States when a Seveso establishment is involved and the event meets the criteria of a “major accident” as defined by Annex VI of the Seveso III Directive (2012/18/EU). For non-EU OECD and UNECE countries reporting accidents to the eMARS database is voluntary. The information of the reported event is entered into eMARS directly by the official reporting authority of the country in which the accident occurred.
ARISTOTLE project has the objective of improving the analysis and understanding of natural phenomena by using a multidisciplinary approach and availability of experts in various fields. ARISTOTLE looks for the implementation of a 24/7 group of experts able to provide a scientific support to ERCC in relation to earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions and extreme meteorological events, and allow them to synthetize the information into situation assessment reports and maps needed for a timely analysis and monitoring of ongoing events. The project involves 15 European countries under the Italian leadership of the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV).
On-demand mapping services which provide geospatial information (maps) based on satellite imagery to support all phases of the disaster management cycle. The services are operated under the Copernicus Emergency Management Service (CEMS) to support crisis managers, civil protection authorities and humanitarian aid actors dealing with natural disasters, man-made emergency situations and humanitarian crises. The services are available in two modes: Rapid Mapping is a 24/7 service which supports emergency response activities. Instead, Risk & Recovery Mapping supports recovery, disaster risk reduction, prevention, and preparedness activities.