It consists of on-demand provision (days, months or years) of scientific and technical advice, recommendations, strategies, guidelines, datasets and tools in support of National Authorities activities in identified areas of need (e.g. risk assessment methodology and tools, risk scenario development, disaster risk modelling, etc.).
In 2016, the five areas for providing support are related to upcoming deliverables of National Authorities under the Union Civil Protection Mechanism or areas where National Authorities have mature practice:
Disaster Loss Data
Risk Management Capability Assessment
1. Risk Assessment
This service aims to support National Authorities in the risk assessment processes and methodologies. The support can be carried out at different phases of the risk assessment process:
- hazard identification
- exposure assessment
- vulnerability analysis
- loss/impact evaluation
- disaster risk profiling
The support can consist of a review of the existing process or the adaptation of good practices to the national context. One of the purposes is to help National Authorities in meeting the requirements of the EU civil protection legislation for the submission of National Risk Assessments and their regular updates.
- Technical advice/orientation in the form of a report or recommendations at different levels of the risk assessment: analysis of hazards, exposure, vulnerability, evaluation of losses, evaluation of uncertainty, quantitative metrics for risk assessment, assessment of likelihood.
- Risk maps, statistics, tables reflecting the results of a risk assessment.
- Strategies and methodologies for national risk assessment, including a catalogue of (cross-border or regional) scenarios to help National Authorities in their national-level risk assessments.
- Datasets, Geographic Information Systems, satellite imagery analysis to support the risk assessment exercise.
- Training in carrying out risk assessments and in disaster risk modelling.
2. Disaster Loss Data
This service aims to support National Authorities in the process of:
- collecting and recording of disaster loss data
- improving the quality of recorded data to support disaster risk management.
Disaster loss databases contain event-based information on human, economic, environmental and cultural losses and support public loss compensation, DRR monitoring, risk modelling and disaster forensics. One purpose is to help National Authorities in meeting the minimum requirements for reporting in the context of the three international frameworks: Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR), Sustainable Development Goals and Climate Change (COP21). At the regional and local levels, this service can enable the development of event-based disaster loss databases and related indicators on exposure, losses and situation of prevention policies.
Measuring Disaster Losses for Improved Accountability, Transparency and Disaster Risk Governance
- Technical advice/orientation in the form of a report or recommendations on the use of disaster loss data within disaster risk modelling.
- Technical support in the design and implementation of a loss database.
- Guidance to National Authorities in the implementation of a new disaster loss database.
- Cost-benefit analysis for the development and implementation of a loss database
- Hazard specific toolkits for loss data collection.
- Assistance in the assessment of economic losses (direct and indirect losses) through economic modelling of disaster impacts.
- Support for the development of indicators based on disaster loss data.
3. Risk Management Capability Assessment
This service aims to support National Authorities and civil protection authorities in:
- implementing the EU guidelines on risk management capability assessment
- performing self-assessments of their risk management capability
The support can consist of a review of the existing process or the adaptation of good practices to the National Authority context. One of the purposes is to help participating countries in meeting the requirements of the EU civil protection legislation for the submission of Risk Management Capability Assessment (deadline in 2018).
EU Civil Protection Exercise 2013 in Austria. © European Union/ECHO/Oerk
- Technical advice/orientation in the form of a report or recommendations on the methodology for conducting risk management capability assessment.
- Expert advice in performing overall risk management capability in an integrated cross-sectorial and a multi-risk approach.
- Economic analysis on existing financial resources and investments dedicated to disaster management.
- Trainings in carrying out risk management capability assessments.
- Organization of informative workshops and consultations for an inventory of risk management capabilities.
- Situation maps showing the spatial distribution of existing resources, equipment and infrastructure identified in the risk management capability assessments.
- Design the elements of a database of available resources, equipment and infrastructure identified in the risk management capability assessments.
- Database of experts responsible for risk assessment, risk management planning and prevention and preparedness measures.
4. Science-Policy Interface
This service aims at supporting National Authorities in identifying and adapting good practices for evidence-based policy making on disaster risk reduction and decision making during emergencies. There is scope for a partnership among participating countries and the European Commission to put in common with others scientific knowledge and advice among National Authorities and with the European Commission. In particular this service aims at supporting National Authorities in adapting, sharing and communicating:
- best practices for using scientific knowledge in policy making
- evidence-based policy making on disaster risk management and Early-Warning System
This service will provide support to analysis of how existing legislation, governance structures and individual organizations enable or inhibit evidence-based decision making in risk management policy making, early warning systems and advice during emergencies.
First DRMKC Scientific Seminar (24-25 September 2015, London): "Science for Policy and Operation".
- Expert advice in the form of recommendations on the best use of existing science (from DRMKC state of science overview) in the Mparticipating country’s disaster risk management and early warning systems.
- Workshops and training on existing National Authority practices to systematically use science at all policy levels (local, regional and national)
- Training on pan-European and/or regional early warning systems.
- Technical assistance with designing and/or building interoperable early warning and emergency management systems
- Analysis of state-of-the-art scientific knowledge and datasets relevant in risk prevention and mitigation policy-making relevant to the participating country’s context
- Analysis and/or adaptation of existing scientific products that support national risk assessments to the National Authority’s context
- Compilation of good practices, training material, field work, etc… across different ministries, government levels or regional areas
- Information sessions for senior policy makers and senior scientists on good science-policy interface practices in EU countries
5. Early Warning
This service aims to support National Authorities in the different phases of the emergency management process:
- Improve the availability of Early Warning Systems
- Improve the performance and the quality of the forecasts
- Increase the role of science in the forecast process used to provide alerts and warning information.
Tsunami early warning: the Inexpensive Device for Sea level Measurement (IDSL). One of the devices of the novel mareograph system to measure the sea level in real time (Cadiz, on the Spanish coast). © EU, 2015
- Technical assistance with designing and/or building interoperable early warning and emergency management system
- Expert support in preparedness and advice during emergencies.
- Workshop and training on pan-European and/or regional on early warning systems topics.