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Support System

The Support System is the resource implemented by the European Commission intended to provide National Authorities with technical advice in the field of disaster risk management. It aims to broker available expertise and good practice within the EU with the specific needs of a National Authority.
 

It consists of on-demand provision (days, months or years) of scientific and technical advice, recommendations, strategies, guidelines, datasets and tools in support of National Authorities activities in identified areas of need (e.g. risk assessment methodology and tools, risk scenario development, disaster risk modelling, etc.). 

In 2016, the five areas for providing support are related to upcoming deliverables of National Authorities under the Union Civil Protection Mechanism or areas where National Authorities have mature practice:

  1. Risk Assessment

  2. Disaster Loss Data

  3. Risk Management Capability Assessment

  4. Science-Policy Interface

  5. Early Warning

1. Risk Assessment

This service aims to support National Authorities in the risk assessment processes and methodologies. The support can be carried out at different phases of the risk assessment process:

  • hazard identification
  • exposure assessment
  • vulnerability analysis
  • loss/impact evaluation
  • disaster risk profiling

The support can consist of a review of the existing process or the adaptation of good practices to the national context. One of the purposes is to help National Authorities in meeting the requirements of the EU civil protection legislation for the submission of National Risk Assessments and their regular updates.

EU national Risk Assessment 2013

Expected Outputs

 

  • Technical advice/orientation in the form of a report or recommendations at different levels of the risk assessment: analysis of hazards, exposure, vulnerability, evaluation of losses, evaluation of uncertainty, quantitative metrics for risk assessment, assessment of likelihood.
  • Risk maps, statistics, tables reflecting the results of a risk assessment.
  • Strategies and methodologies for national risk assessment, including a catalogue of (cross-border or regional) scenarios to help National Authorities in their national-level risk assessments.
  • Datasets, Geographic Information Systems, satellite imagery analysis to support the risk assessment exercise.
  • Training in carrying out risk assessments and in disaster risk modelling.

 

 

 

2. Disaster Loss Data

 

This service aims to support National Authorities in the process of:

  • collecting and recording of disaster loss data
  • improving the quality of recorded data to support disaster risk management.

Disaster loss databases contain event-based information on human, economic, environmental and cultural losses and support public loss compensation, DRR monitoring, risk modelling and disaster forensics. One purpose is to help National Authorities in meeting the minimum requirements for reporting in the context of the three international frameworks: Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR), Sustainable Development Goals and Climate Change (COP21). At the regional and local levels, this service can enable the development of event-based disaster loss databases and related indicators on exposure, losses and situation of prevention policies.

Loss Data Schema

Measuring Disaster Losses for Improved Accountability, Transparency and Disaster Risk Governance

Expected Output

  • Technical advice/orientation in the form of a report or recommendations on the use of disaster loss data within disaster risk modelling.
  • Technical support in the design and implementation of a loss database.
  • Guidance to National Authorities in the implementation of a new disaster loss database.
  • Cost-benefit analysis for the development and implementation of a loss database
  • Hazard specific toolkits for loss data collection.
  • Assistance in the assessment of economic losses (direct and indirect losses) through economic modelling of disaster impacts.
  • Support for the development of indicators based on disaster loss data.

3. Risk Management Capability Assessment

This service aims to support National Authorities and civil protection authorities in:

  • implementing the EU guidelines on risk management capability assessment
  • performing self-assessments of their risk management capability

The support can consist of a review of the existing process or the adaptation of good practices to the National Authority context. One of the purposes is to help participating countries in meeting the requirements of the EU civil protection legislation for the submission of Risk Management Capability Assessment (deadline in 2018).
 

Risk Management Capability Assessment

EU Civil Protection Exercise 2013 in Austria. © European Union/ECHO/Oerk 

Expected Output

 

  • Technical advice/orientation in the form of a report or recommendations on the methodology for conducting risk management capability assessment.
  • Expert advice in performing overall risk management capability in an integrated cross-sectorial and a multi-risk approach.
  • Economic analysis on existing financial resources and investments dedicated to disaster management.
  • Trainings in carrying out risk management capability assessments.
  • Organization of informative workshops and consultations for an inventory of risk management capabilities. 
  • Situation maps showing the spatial distribution of existing resources, equipment and infrastructure identified in the risk management capability assessments.
  • Design the elements of a database of available resources, equipment and infrastructure identified in the risk management capability assessments.
  • Database of experts responsible for risk assessment, risk management planning and prevention and preparedness measures.

 

4. Science-Policy Interface

This service aims at supporting National Authorities in identifying and adapting good practices for evidence-based policy making on disaster risk reduction and decision making during emergencies. There is scope for a partnership among participating countries and the European Commission to put in common with others scientific knowledge and advice among National Authorities and with the European Commission. In particular this service aims at supporting National Authorities in adapting, sharing and communicating:

  • best practices for using scientific knowledge in policy making
  • evidence-based policy making on disaster risk management and Early-Warning System

This service will provide support to analysis of how existing legislation, governance structures and individual organizations enable or inhibit evidence-based decision making in risk management policy making, early warning systems and advice during emergencies.  

 First DRMKC Scientific Seminar

First DRMKC Scientific Seminar (24-25 September 2015, London): "Science for Policy and Operation".

Expected Outputs:

 

  • Expert advice in the form of recommendations on the best use of existing science (from DRMKC state of science overview) in the Mparticipating country’s disaster risk management and early warning systems.
  • Workshops and training on existing National Authority practices to systematically use science at all policy levels (local, regional and national)
  • Training on pan-European and/or regional early warning systems.
  • Technical assistance with designing and/or building interoperable early warning and emergency management systems
  • Analysis of state-of-the-art scientific knowledge and datasets relevant in risk prevention and mitigation policy-making relevant to the participating country’s context
  • Analysis and/or adaptation of existing scientific products that support national risk assessments to the National Authority’s context
  • Compilation of good practices, training material, field work, etc… across different ministries, government levels or regional areas
  • Information sessions for senior policy makers and senior scientists on good science-policy interface practices in EU countries
 

 

5. Early Warning

This service aims to support National Authorities in the different phases of the emergency management process:
  • Improve the availability of Early Warning Systems
  • Improve the performance and the quality of the forecasts
  • Increase the role of science in the forecast process used to provide alerts and warning information.

  Early Warning

Tsunami early warning: the Inexpensive Device for Sea level Measurement (IDSL). One of the devices of the novel mareograph system to measure the sea level in real time (Cadiz, on the Spanish coast). © EU, 2015

 Expected Outputs

  • Technical assistance with designing and/or building interoperable early warning and emergency management system
  • Expert support in preparedness and advice during emergencies.
  • Workshop and training on pan-European and/or regional on early warning systems topics.

It can be activated by different entities of participating countries: governmental bodies, national or regional authorities and Public-Private Partnerships (PPP).

The operation of the technical support structure can be envisaged as follows: 

  1. REQUEST: It will be managed by the Joint Research Centre in cooperation with DG ECHO, whose core function would be to react to National Authories request for technical support, guidance and advice.

  2. SELECTION:  Identifying a pool of experts with technical expertise in identified areas of need (e.g. risk assessment methodology, scenario development). Criteria include: relevance to other participating countries, link with EU international policies, cross-state exchange.

  3. EXECUTION: Single or group of experts provide scientific and technical products and services in support to National Authority activities. The execution is envisaged through: meetings with National Authorities to define the User Needs and the expected products, and to ensure continuous interaction between the stakeholder and the experts; Expert contracts (H2020) with skill profiles related to the areas of need. 

  4. REPORTING: Ensuring the appropriate dissemination and use of the service among national authorities.

‚Äč In practice:

  workflow DRMKC Support System

 

  Contact JRC for more info at EC-drmkc@ec.europa.eu

  Download Service Request Form

 

 

 

 

Support Service Requests


PURPOSE, OBJECTIVES AND SCOPE

The workshop aimed at an effective utilization of the existing national and European expertise and best practices in the Energy Sector, taking into consideration the specific needs of the relevant stakeholders. Through technical advice and methodologies, the workshop delivered (over two days) up to date research outputs and security concepts to the relevant end-users. The participants from both the private and public sector, as well as other key stakeholders benefited from enhanced cooperation and coordination, and the establishment of informal networks across the sector. Furthermore, the outcomes of the workshop, will serve as best practice and added value for the EU Member States as a whole.
The list of the presentations HERE

PURPOSE, OBJECTIVES AND SCOPE

The European Union has provided, within the FP7 and Horizon 2020 Framework Programmes for research and innovation, significant funding for collaborative research projects dealing with the impact of extreme events (geophysical and hydro-meteorological hazards) and cascade effects on critical infrastructures. Building on the technical dialogue already established by the projects and as most of them ended recently, it is timely to disseminate their results to stakeholders, collect their feedback and put forward common recommendations.

The workshop aimed to:

  • provide an overview of the progress made by the projects with focus on the results that may be used in practice,
  • collect feedback from stakeholders,
  • identify knowledge gaps and research needs for better scientific support to policy implementation.

 

More than 60 participants from 13 Member States, Norway and Switzerland attended the workshop. They represented critical infrastructure operators, research institutions and academia, practitioners/consultants, insurance companies and services of the European Commission. The participants expressed their appreciation for the opportunity to disseminate their work, liaise with other research groups, collect information on the available tools and knowledge, understand the needs of end-users and discuss concerns and ideas for future research.


The list of the presentations HERE

PURPOSE, OBJECTIVES AND SCOPE

The impact of natural hazards on chemical installations has caused major chemical accidents worldwide. This so-called “Natech” risk is increasing due to more industrialization and climate change. This has been recognized in a recent amendment of the EU Seveso Directive in which the need to protect chemical installations against the risks of natural hazards has been rendered more explicit, as well as in the Sendai Framework for Action which explicitly includes technological and cascading risks. The training was specifically designed with a view to support Member States in the frame of the Union Civil Protection Mechanism, as well as to assist them in the implementation of the Seveso Directive. More specifically, the training:

  1. Familiarized the participants with the concept of Natech risk and introduced different Natech risk-reduction options.
  2. Presented the JRC’s RAPID-N framework for rapid Natech risk assessment and mapping and demonstrated its use for screening for Natech risk hot spots in countries and regions by providing hands-on training.
  3. Built capacity in identifying, preventing and preparing for Natech risks on specific sites and across a geographic area.

 

The list of the presentations HERE

PURPOSE, OBJECTIVES AND SCOPE

The service aims to test methodologies for the estimation of the expected damage level and economic losses to buildings due to the tsunami impact. Since such estimations should be reliable for practical implementation, emphasis will be given to test the dependence of the results on the several parameters and assumptions inserted in the method. The objective is to identify the key recommendations (for modelling and input data), to guarantee the usability and the usefulness of the ex-ante loss assessment for disaster risk management, considering aspects of validity and possibility to extend the developed methodology to other European regions. The service will provide detailed explanation of the methodology implemented to extract input for indicators related to the Sendai Framework.

Task 1 - Tsunami Scenario Selection- Data Collection.

Identifying the worst case scenario in the study area in terms of tsunami impact and collection of the needed data for the numerical simulation of the impact. The activities will be performed by GIS mapping.
Deliverables Title Type Timing
  Tsunami Scenario Selection - Data Collection Data to be sued
for the study
pdf
M1

Task 2 - Determination of Inundation Zone.

Detecting the inundation zone by a numerical simulation of the tsunami with respect to the identified scenario. The activities will be performed by GIS mapping.
Deliverables Title Type Timing
  Determination of Inundation Zone Maps and methodology
pdf
M2

Task 3 - Ex-ante Loss Assessment: People Affected and Economic Losses related to damaged buildings.

Performing an ex-ante evaluation of the expected impact in the tsunami inundation zone. The assessment will be performed with respect to the people potentially affected and expected economic losses due to damaged and destroyed buildings.
Deliverables Title Type Timing
  Ex-ante Loss Assessment: People Affected and Economic Losses due to damaged buildings. Results and methodology M2.5

Task 4 - Results Evaluation -Applicability to other Hazard Types.

Assessing the results with respect to the data needed for the simulations and the uncertainty in the outcomes related to the resolution of the data. Identify the key relevant outcomes for the reproducibility of the methodology.
Deliverables Title Type Timing
  Results Evaluation - Applicability to other Hazard Types Results and proposed methodology
pdf
M3

Task 5 - Identification of the key recommendations.

The objective is to identify the key recommendations (for modelling and input data), to guarantee the usability and the usefulness of the ex-ante loss assessment for disaster risk management, considering aspects of validity and possibility to extend the developed methodology to other European regions. The report will provide detailed explanation of the methodology implemented to extract input for indicators related to the Sendai Framework.
Deliverables Title Type Timing
D1 Identification of the key recommendations Final Report
pdf
M3.5

PURPOSE, OBJECTIVES AND SCOPE

The purpose of the technical specification of the contract is to describe the task and responsibility of the Expert. The main objective is to acquire sound evidence on how the manifestation of residual flood risk (i.e. overtopping of newly-built structural defences) has acted to influence the flood risk management outcomes negotiated by a collective multi-stakeholder ‘community of resilience practice’ in Cumbria, UK.

Task 1 - Analysing the collective multi-stakeholder ‘community of resilience practice’ after the impact of ‘Storm Desmond’ in Cumbria, UK.

Deliverables Title Type Timing
D1.1 Situation of the multi-stakeholder ‘community of resilience practice’ before the ‘Storm Desmond’ in Cumbria, UK Report
pdf
M1
D1.2 Situation of the multi-stakeholder ‘community of resilience practice’ after the ‘Storm Desmond’ in Cumbria, UK: changes induced by the event. Report pdf M2

Task 2 - Assessing and Analysing how the Storm Desmond has acted as catalysts for institutional changes of flood risk management.

Deliverables Title Type Timing
D2.1 Analysing how the Storm Desmond has acted as catalysts for institutional changes of flood risk management Report
pdf
M4

Task 3 - Identification of the key recommendations for flood-risk management policy change based on the understanding of an extreme event.

Deliverables Title Type Timing
D3.1 Key recommendations for flood-risk management policy improvements based on the understanding of a recent extreme event Final Report
pdf
M6

PURPOSE, OBJECTIVES AND SCOPE

The main objective is to acquire sound evidence of the feasibility of achieving INSPIRE compliant services that provide a coherent set of spatial data in line with the requirements of the above mentioned legal frameworks and guidelines. The reports produced within this contract will provide the required evidence by illustrating the methodology to be applied.

Task 1 - Analyse the current disaster loss data collection in the Catalonia Region

Deliverables Title Type Timing
D1.1 Current situation of damage and loss data collection in the Catalunya Region in the context of Spain Report
pdf Deliberable
pdf Annex A
pdf Annex B
M2

Task 2 - Identifying needs in terms of data collection and analysis

Deliverables Title Type Timing
D2.1 Identifying gaps and needs for the Catalunya Region in the national and international contexts Report
pdf
M4

Task 3 – Definition of data categories and databases structure.

Deliverables Title Type Timing
D3.1 Definition of the architecture of a platform and database to collect, store and query damage and loss data Technical report
pdf
M5

Task 4 - Implementation of a pilot using Regional dataset.

Deliverables Title Type Timing
D4.1 Pilot test on the case study of the 2013 Val d’Aran Flood Technical report
pdf
M5

Task 5 - Identification of the key architectural, procedural and organizational issues.

Deliverables Title Type Timing
D5.1 Key organizational requirements for the usability of the platform and database for collecting and recording disaster damages and loss data according to European Directives and Guidance for responding to the Sendai Framework requests Final Report
pdf
M6

PURPOSE, OBJECTIVES AND SCOPE

The Support Service requested is to perform a study to contribute to the identification of relevant inputs on Disaster Loss data from Sendai Framework, EU Flood Directive and Guidance for Recording and Sharing Disaster Damage and Loss Data followed by the harmonization of natural hazard/risk data applying INSPIRE Directive [4]. The main objective is to achieve INSPIRE compliant services that provide a coherent set of spatial data in line with the requirements of the above mentioned legal frameworks and guidelines.

Task 1 - Harmonization of relevant category and indicators on Disaster Loss data from EU Flood Directive and Guidance for Recording and Sharing Disaster Damage and Loss Data.

Deliverables Title Type Timing
D1.1 Harmonization of relevant inputs on Disaster Loss data from Sendai Framework, EU Flood Directive and Guidance for Recording and Sharing Disaster Damage and Loss Data Report
pdf
M1

Task 2 - Improvement of Flood-Cat platform for reporting and exporting Disaster Loss Data

Deliverables Title Type Timing
T2.1 Improvement of Flood-Cat platform for reporting and exporting Disaster Loss Data according to the minimum requirements of the Guidance for Recording and Sharing Disaster Damage and Loss Data Update of Flood Cat UML model Other (web-platform) UML model M3
D2.1 Assessment of the extension of Flood-Cat Platform for reporting and exporting data according to UML Flood Disaster Data Model that extends the data model published in the INSPIRE Natural Risk Zones Technical Guidelines Report
pdf
M5

Task 3 – Test of the updated FloodCat platform in a pilot Regional dataset: lessons learnt towards the implementation of the Sendai Framework for DRR.

Deliverables Title Type Timing
D3.1 Test of the updated FloodCat platform in a pilot Regional dataset: lessons learnt towards the implementation of the Sendai Framework" Report
pdf
M6