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SCIENCE FOR DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT 2017
Knowing better and losing less

The Disaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre has produced first flagship science report "Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less".

This report is the result of the multi-sectorial and multi-disciplinary networking process and represents the combined effort of more than two hundred, mostly European, experts. It will support the integration of science into informed decision making through synthesizing and translating evidence for disaster risk management and strengthening the science-policy and science-operation interface.

It shows a holistic understanding of both, disaster risk addressing  hazards, exposure and vulnerability as well as  disaster risk management focusing on all four phases of disaster cycle through a systematic multi-hazard assessment overview of existing disaster risk knowledge.

The report highlights the further need of  new research avenues to  address the multi-risk impacts of natural and human-induced hazards  as well as  the cascading effects of those hazards in order to integrate this information into overall assessment

This report is a contribution to the Science and Technology Roadmap, and specifically addresses, from a European perspective, topic 1.1 “Assess and update the current state of data, scientific and local and indigenous knowledge and technical expertise availability on disaster risks reduction and fill the gaps with new knowledge.”

Below you can find the latest version of the Executive Summary and the Entire Document, as well as the specific chapters, sections and sub-chapters of the report.

If you notice any mistake in the text, please tell us EC-drmkc@ec.europa.eu

The hard copy of the publication is available free of charge from EU bookshop. You can request it by visiting this page.
For orders of free publications within the EU, its candidate countries or the European Economic Area (EEA), no postage fees are charged. For other countries the postage fees are given here.

Executive Summary

Version 20-11-2017

Entire Document

Version 20-11-2017
Executive Summary full report
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Contents

1

Current status of disaster risk management and policy framework

Bower, A., Blok, J., Dali, M., Faivre, N., Fell, T., Ghislain, P., Happaerts, S., Kavvadas, I., Kockerols, P., Molnar, A.M., Quevauviller, P., Villette, F., 2017. Current status of disaster risk management and policy framework. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 1, doi: 10.2788/688605.

2

Understanding disaster risk: risk assessment methodologies and examples

Simmons, D.C., Corbane, C., Menoni, S., Schneiderbauer, S., Zschau, J., 2017. Understanding disaster risk: risk assessment methodologies and examples. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 2, doi: 10.2788/688605.

2.1

Qualitative and quantitative approaches to risk assessment
Simmons, D.C., Dauwe, R., Gowland, R., Gyenes. Z., King, A.G., Riedstra, D., Schneiderbauer, S., 2017. Qualitative and quantitative approaches to risk assessment. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 2.1, doi: 10.2788/688605.

2.2

Current and innovative methods to define exposure
Corbane, C., Gamba, P., Pesaresi, M., Pittore, M., Wieland, M., 2017. Current and innovative methods to define exposure. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 2.2, doi: 10.2788/688605.

2.3

The most recent view of vulnerability
Schneiderbauer, S., Calliari, E., Eidsvig, U., Hagenlocher, M., 2017. The most recent view of vulnerability. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 2.3, doi: 10.2788/688605.

2.4

Recording disaster loss for improving risk modelling
Menoni, S., Bonadonna, C., Garcia, M., Schwarze, R., 2017. Recording disaster loss for improving risk modelling. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 2.4, doi: 10.2788/688605.

2.5

Where are we with multihazards, multirisks assessment capacities?
Zschau, J., 2017. Where are we with multihazards, multirisks assessment capacities? In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 2.5, doi: 10.2788/688605.

3

Understanding disaster risk: hazard related risk issues

Section I

Geophysical risk

Papadopoulos, G.A., Loughlin, S., Silva, V., 2017. Understanding disaster risk: hazard related risk issues - Section I. Geophysical risk. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 3 Section I, doi: 10.2788/688605.

3.1

Geophysical risk: earthquakes
Silva, V., Danciu, L., Dolce, M., Rossetto, T., Weatherill, G., 2017. Geophysical risk: earthquakes. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 3.1, doi: 10.2788/688605.

3.2

Geophysical risk: volcanic activity
S., Barsotti, S., Bonadonna, C., Calder, E., 2017. Geophysical risk: volcanic activity. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 3.2, doi: 10.2788/688605.

3.3

Geophysical risk: tsunamis
Papadopoulos, G.A., Lorito, S., Løvholt, F., Rudloff, A., Schindele, F., 2017. Geophysical risk: tsunamis. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 3.3, doi: 10.2788/688605.

Section II

Hydrological risk

Salamon, P., Casagli, N., Cloke, H., Horsburgh, K., 2017. Understanding disaster risk: hazard related risk issues - Section II. Hydrological risk. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 3 Section II, doi: 10.2788/688605.

3.4

Hydrological risk: floods
Cloke, H., Di Baldassarre, G., Landeg, O., Pappenberger, F., Ramos, M.H., 2017. Hydrological risk: floods. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 3.4, doi: 10.2788/688605.

3.5

Hydrological risk: landslides
Casagli, N., Guzzetti, F., Jaboyedoff, M., Nadim, F., Petley, D., 2017. Hydrological risk: landslides. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 3.5, doi: 10.2788/688605.

3.6

Hydrological risk: wave action, storm surges and coastal flooding
Horsburgh, K., Losada, I., Vousdoukas, M., Weisse, R., Wolf, J., 2017. Hydrological risk: wave action, storm surge and coastal flooding. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 3.6, doi: 10.2788/688605.

Section III

Meteorological, climatological and biological risk

Murray, V., Frame, T., McGregor, G., San Miguel, J., Van Lanen, H.A.J., Vogt, J.V., 2017. Understanding disaster risk: hazard related risk issues - Section III. Meteorological, climatological and biological risk. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 3 Section III, doi: 10.2788/688605.

3.7

Meteorological risk: extra-tropical cyclones, tropical cyclones and convective storms
T., Harrison, G., Hewson, T., Roberts, N., 2017. Meteorological risk: extra-tropical cyclones, tropical cyclones and convective storms. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 3.7, doi: 10.2788/688605.

3.8

Meteorological risk: extreme temperatures
McGregor, G., Bone, A., Ebi, K., Pappenberger, F., 2017. Meteorological risk: extreme temperatures. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 3.8, doi: 10.2788/688605.

3.9

Climatological risk: droughts
Van Lanen, H.A.J., Vogt, J.V., Andreu, J., Carrão, H., De Stefano, L., Dutra, E., Feyen, L., Forzieri, G., Hayes, M., Iglesias, A., Lavaysse, C., Naumann, G., Pulwarty, R., Spinoni, J., Stahl, K., Stefanski, R., Stilianakis, N., Svoboda, M., Tallaksen, L.M., 2017. Climatological risk: droughts. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 3.9, doi: 10.2788/688605.

3.10

Climatological risk: wildfires
San Miguel, J., Chuvieco, E., Handmer, J., Moffat, A., Montiel-Molina, C., Sandahl, L., Viegas, D., 2017. Climatological risk: wildfires. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 3.10, doi: 10.2788/688605.

3.11

Biological risk: epidemics
Murray, V., Catchpole, M., Hagenlocher, M., Maini, R., Margarita Montesinos Guevara, C., Roth, C., Sellwood, C., Yeung, T., 2017. Biological risk: epidemics. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 3.11, doi: 10.2788/688605.

Section IV

Technological risk

Krausmann, E., Raimond, E., Wood, M., 2017. Understanding disaster risk: hazard related risk issues - Section IV. Technological risk. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 3 Section IV, doi: 10.2788/688605.

3.12

Technological risk: chemical releases
Wood, M., Allford, L., Gyenes, Z., Hailwood, M., 2017, Technological risk: chemical releases. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 3.12, doi: 10.2788/688605.

3.13

Technological risk: nuclear accidents
Raimond, E., Dries, G., Prosek, A., 2017. Technological risk: nuclear accidents. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter .13, doi: 10.2788/688605.

3.14

Technological risk: Natech
Krausmann, E., Cruz, A.M., Fendler, R., Salzano, E., 2017. Technological risk: Natech. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 3.14, doi: 10.2788/688605.

4

Communicating disaster risk

Boersma, F.K., Allen, D., Comes, T., Stanciugelu, I., Terpstra, T., 2017. Communicating disaster risk. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 4, doi: 10.2788/688605.

4.1

Public perception of risk
Terpstra, T., Enader, A., Gutteling, J., Kuhlicke, C., 2017. Public perception of risk. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 4.1, doi: 10.2788/688605.

4.2

Decision-making under uncertainty
Comes, T., Adrot, A., Rizza, C., 2017. Decision-making under uncertainty. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 4.2, doi: 10.2788/688605.

4.3

Last mile communication
Stanciugelu, I., Bilanici, A., Cameron, I., Stal, M., 2017. Last mile communication. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 4.3, doi: 10.2788/688605.

4.4

Good practices and innovation in risk communication
Allen, D., Coles, E., Kankaanranta, T., Mcmullan, C., Mobach, D., Norman, A., Perko, T., Pylvas, K., Wijngaards, N., 2017. Good practices and innovation in risk communication. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 4.4, doi: 10.2788/688605.

5

Managing disaster risk

Wilkinson, E., Mysiak, J., Oliveira, C.S., Peters, K., Surminski, S., 2017. Managing disaster risk. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 5, doi: 10.2788/688605.

5.1

Prevention and Mitigation: avoiding and reducing the new and existing risks
Surminski, S., Aerts, J., Alexander, D., Di Bucci, D., Mechler, R., Mysiak, J., Wilkinson, E., 2017. Prevention and mitigation: avoiding and reducing the new and existing risks. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 5.1, doi: 10.2788/688605.

5.2

Preparedness and response
Peters, K., Buscher, M., Fearnley, C., Helsloot, I., Kockerol, P., Twigg, J., 2017. Preparedness and response. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 5.2, doi: 10.2788/688605.

5.3

Recovery and avoiding risk creation
Oliveira, C.S., De Almeida, B., Di Bucci, D., Dolce, M., Havekes, H., Kemp, V., Simonet, C., Thorvaldsdottir, S., Twigg, J., Williams, R., 2017. Recovery and avoiding risk creation. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 5.3, doi: 10.2788/688605.

5.4

Risk transfer and financing
Mysiak, J., Bresch, D., Peréz Blanco, D., Simmons, D., Surminski, S., 2017. Risk transfer and financing. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 5.4, doi: 10.2788/688605.

6

Future challenges of disaster risk management

Clark, I., De Groeve, T., Marín Ferrer, M., Poljanšek, K., Faivre, N., Peter, D., Quevauviller, P., Boersma, F.K., Krausmann, E., Murray, V., Papadopoulos, G.A., Salamon, P., Simmons, D.C., Wilkinson, E., Casajus Valles, A., Doherty, B., Galliano, D., 2017. Future challenges of disaster risk management. In: Poljanšek, K., Marín Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., Clark, I. (Eds.). Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less. EUR 28034 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Chapter 6, doi: 10.2788/688605.