Risk Assessment for Natural-Hazard Impact on Hazardous Chemical Installations

16th -17th February 2017, Ispra, Italy

On 16-17 February, the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre provided training to participants from the Czech Republic, Spain and the UK on “Risk assessment for natural-hazard impact on hazardous chemical installations”. This training was organized at the JRC’s premises in Ispra, Italy, in the frame of the EU Disaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre’s Support Service.

The impact of natural hazards on chemical installations has caused major chemical accidents worldwide. This so-called “Natech” risk is increasing due to more industrialization and climate change. This has been recognized in a recent amendment of the EU Seveso Directive in which the need to protect chemical installations against the risks of natural hazards has been rendered more explicit, as well as in the Sendai Framework for Action which explicitly includes technological and cascading risks.

The training was specifically designed with a view to support Member States in the frame of the Union Civil Protection Mechanism, as well as to assist them in the implementation of the Seveso Directive. More specifically, the training


  1. Familiarized the participants with the concept of Natech risk and introduced different Natech risk-reduction options.
  2. Presented the JRC’s RAPID-N framework for rapid Natech risk assessment and mapping and demonstrated its use for screening for Natech risk hot spots in countries and regions by providing hands-on training.
  3. Built capacity in identifying, preventing and preparing for Natech risks on specific sites and across a geographic area.

The JRC will continue to offer this training either in small groups or bilaterally, if a country is interested. For further information please contact Elisabeth Krausmann: elisabeth.krausmann@ec.europa.eu

RAPID-N can be accessed free of charge at: http://rapidn.jrc.ec.europa.eu

  • 16 February

    • Session 1: Workshop overview and Natech risk concepts

      • Introduction of the EU Disaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre

        This presentation gives a short overview of the Disaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre, its objectives and the instruments available.
      • Introduction to Natech risk: Concepts, gaps and JRC activities

        This presentation introduces the definition of Natech risk and discusses why Natech accidents are different from conventional technological accidents and why they need targeted prevention, preparedness and response.
      • Introduction to Natech risk: Damage mechanisms, lessons learned and risk reduction

        This presentation introduces the JRC’s eNatech accident database and shows some results related to accident triggers, dynamics and consequences using accident analysis. It also shows some examples of lessons learned from accident analysis for certain types of natural hazard triggers and presents associated recommendations for reducing Natech risks, including structural and organizational measures.
    • Session 2: Introduction to Natech risk assessment and RAPID-N

      • Approaches to Natech risk assessment

        This presentation introduces the basic steps of Natech risk assessment and highlights the extensions needed to the assessment of conventional accident risks. It explains in detail each step in the process and the pitfalls that attention should be paid to.
      • RAPID-N: JRC’s rapid Natech risk assessment and mapping framework

        This presentation provides an introduction to the JRC’s RAPID-N framework for rapid Natech risk assessment and mapping. It discusses the features of RAPID-N, including its property estimation framework which allows the user to carry out a Natech risk assessment with a minimum of input data.
  • 17 February

    • Session 3: RAPID-N Exercise I

      • RAPID-N example case study

        This presentation shows a case study application of RAPID-N. It is based on the assessment and mapping of Natech risk at a chemical facility in Izmit Bay due to the most likely Istanbul earthquake scenario.