Aim and background
The Union Civil ProtectionMechanism is paving the way for more resilient communities by including key actions related to disaster prevention such as developing national risk assessments and the refinement of risk management planning.
Systematically collected, comparable and robust disaster damage and loss data are an essential element of the risk assessment and management processes. The current practice in disaster loss data recording across the EU shows that there are hardly any comparable disaster damage and loss data: differences exist in the methods of data recording as well as in the governance approaches to managing disaster damage and loss data. The lack of standards for damage and loss data collection and recording represent the main challenge for damage and loss data sharing and comparison, especially for cross-border cooperation within the EU.
The Council Conclusions on risk management capability call on the Commission to 'Encourage the development of systems, models or methodologies for collecting and exchanging data on ways to assess the economic impact of disasters on an all-hazard basis'. To this end, ECHO and the JRC have established an expert working group on disaster loss and damage data with the aim of taking stock and developing guidance on recording and sharing such data.
In 2015, the working group has published the first version of the guidance. They take into account existing good practices in Member States. They build on the findings and recommendations of earlier reports on “Current status and best practices for disaster loss data recording in the EU” and on the Technical requirements for loss data recording within the EU context.