Recommendations for National Risk Assessment for Disaster Risk Management in EU

Version 1 - Coming soon

Executive summary

The European Commission Joint Research Centre joins National, Regional and Global efforts to acquire better risk governance levels through evidences, science and knowledge management. This report is the second in the series of reports “Recommendations for National Risk Assessment for Disaster Risk Management”. The aim of this series of reports is to build-up a network of experts involved in the different aspects of the National Risk Assessment process. They are invited to co-develop, with a sequential approach imposed by the complexity of the task, a reference document that will contribute to filling the gap between scientific knowledge and their practical usability.

Version 0 of this series was focused mainly on how to do National Risk Assessment from the scientific perspective to provide enough evidences to Risk Managers for better understanding and, hence, managing risk. In Version 1, the National Risk Assessment is positioned at the heart of the policy cycle for the implementation of integrated disaster risk management. This perspective highlights the imperative need for policy-makers, practitioners and scientists to work hand-in-hand towards a more resilient, and hence sustainable, future.


Recommendations for National Risk Assessment for Disaster Risk Management in EU - Version 1 Executive summary
(651 Kb - PDF)

Version 0

The Disaster Risk Management Centre has produced in the collaboration with more than 20 scientists the Science for Policy Report titled "Recommendations for National Risk Assessment for Disaster Risk Management in EU: Approaches for identifying, analysing and evaluating risks, Version 0".

This Science for Policy report aims to provide scientific support to the Union Civil Protection Mechanism Participating States and national authorities in charge of the preparation of National Risk Assessment process.

Decision No 1313/2013/EU on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism (UCPM) calls Participating States to develop risk assessments periodically and make the summary of their National Risk Assessment (NRA) available to the European Commission as a way to prevent disaster risk in Europe. Despite availability of common guidelines, a variety of different assessment methodologies and processes exist across EU countries. The variety of results make difficult its comparison and replication to identify common risks and coordinate strategies and resources to face them.

This Science for Policy Report contributes to common understanding on what risk is and how to quantify it for different hazards. This Science for Policy Report collects the instructions for robust and usable approaches for the risk assessment process in the context of National Risk Assessment and to inform Disaster Risk Management planning. Nine Joint Research Centre expert groups provided their insight on tools and methods for specific risk assessment related to certain hazards and assets: drought, earthquakes, floods, terrorist attacks, biological disasters, critical infrastructures, chemical accidents, nuclear accidents and Natech accidents.

The overall aim is to maximize the national capacity of a country in achieving the objectives National Risk Assessment process. NRAs should define the relative importance of different risks (potential impacts) in the country as well as identify disaster risk drivers to address a range of measure to reduce risk.


Recommendations for National Risk Assessment for Disaster Risk Management in EU - Version 0
(5.3 MB - PDF)


Background information