Better national risk governance with a legal framework and integrated disaster risk management approach is a must. The implementation of integrated DRM is seen as evidence-based policy cycle compound of NRA, DRM planning and the implementation of prevention and preparedness measures.
- NRA produces the evidence to reach a common understanding and the relative importance of the risks due to the different drivers faced in a country and presents a core of evidence‐based policy‐making which adds to successful implementation of effective and efficient integrated disaster risk management.
- Risk management capability assessment strives to set up an efficient, flexible and systematic risk governance structure covering the whole policy cycle that places NRA as an essential part of disaster risk reduction strategy and facilitates from the beginning to the end the implementation of the measures in different phases of disaster risk management for different hazard.
Reporting outcomes to be submitted to European Commission are a summary of the national activities related to NRA and RMCA that are more relevant to the EU context. NRA and RMCA processes must be comprehensive and tailored to the national context to serve the specific national goals. Furthermore, their overall aim is very much the same, i.e., to support the identification and definition of disaster risk reduction strategies, which will result in less disasters and/or disasters with less impacts and increase of overall EU resilience.
It can be considered that these processes are national enablers of (a) the development of a common understanding on risk, its drivers, interlinks and options for reducing it while (b) they promote and facilitate the exchange of good practices and lessons learned to speed up the risk reduction processes. By submitting the summaries to the Commission and, thanks to the “Overview of Risks that EU may face” series of publications prepared on the top of them by Commission, the fulfilment of these two objectives is eased at the European level.
Regular RMCA is a driver of sustainable development of capabilities for the implementation of the integrated DRM and also an opportunity to continuously adapt to changing risk landscape (i.e., climate change as well as new and emergent risks) as well as development strategies with relevant capabilities.
The policy cycle for the implementation of integrated disaster risk management should have capacity to integrate climate change adaptation strategies and efficiently consider adaptation measures during DRM planning.
The policy cycle for the implementation of integrated disaster risk management is a mechanism that fill the gaps revealed in NRA process with the DRM actions in place. Therefore it is important to prioritize the development of national risk assessment capability to improve the country's resilience against the disaster risk.